All nouns in Spanish have a masculine or feminine gender, the intermediate gender does not exist.
Most of the nouns that end in -o are masculine, the nouns that end in -a, -ion, -d and -z, are feminine.
|la mano (the hand)||female gender|
|el camión (the truck)||male gender|
|el lápiz (pencil)||male gender|
|el guardia (guard)||male gender|
|Male gender, female -a:|
|el telegrama||the telegram|
|el idioma||the language|
|el mapa||the map|
Plural nouns are formed by adding the letter -s to the end of the word that ends in a vowel, or -es if it ends in a consonant.
For example: el hombre - los hombres, la mujer - las mujeres
If the noun ends in -z, in the plural it is replaced by c and ends in -es
For example: lapiz - lapices, luz - luces, voz - voces
Next topic: Pronouns in spanish