The articles

ico articles

Articles in Spanish are important because they indicate the gender and number of the noun they refer to.
For example:

el libro (the book), la casa (the house),
los coches (the cars), las hojas (the leaves)

Definite articles

Used when talking about a specific topic or topics.

El Male, singular. número termina en: -о, -e, s Example: el cuento (a story), el bosque (a forest), el papel (a paper)
La Female, singular ending: -a, -ión, -d, -z Example: la escuela (a school), la canción (a song), la ciudad (a city)
Los Male, plural ending: -os Example: los cuentos (the stories), los bosques (the forests), los papeles (the papers)
Las Female, plural ending: -as Example: las escuelas (the schools), las canciones (the songs), las ciudades (the cities)

Look Exercises with the articles

Indefinite article

Used when talking about an object or objects in general terms.

Un - translates to "one" or "some"

Un Male, singular ending: -о, s Example: un cuento ([some] story), un bosque ([some] forest), un papel ([some] papers)
Una Female, singular ending: -a, -ión, -d, -z Example: una escuela ([some] school), una canción ([some] song), una ciudad ([some] city)
Unos Male, plural ending: -os Example: unos cuentos, unos bosques, unos papeles
Unas Female, plural ending: -as Example: unas escuelas, unas canciones, unas ciudades

In short, the article is an important attribute of nouns, since it helps us to know what gender and number a word has. With masculine nouns, the articles El/Los and Uno/Unos are written, for feminine nouns the articles La/Las and Una /Unas .
The gender of the noun is known, observing in which letter it ends.

There are exceptions when a feminine noun takes a masculine article, and these are:
when a noun starts with the letter a or ha, we write El
For example: el agua (water), el hambre (hunger) - feminine gender, masculine article

Next topic: Nouns in spanish

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